Glossary “front suspension system” Definition:
Components that provide support of the vehicle front section, allow wheels to move vertically, and provide adjustments for front wheel alignment. The common parts include upper and lower ball joints, control arms, shaft bushings and shims; sway bar and bushings; strut rod and bushings; coil springs; stabilizers; shock absorbers; and steering knuckle and spindle.
Glossary “front to rear brake bias” Definition:
Difference in balance of brake pressure between the front and rear brake cylinders or calipers; higher in front due to weight transfer during heavy breaking.
Glossary “front wheel drive” Definition:
Drive system that transmits power through the front wheels.
Glossary “front roll center” Definition:
The center, determined by the front suspension geometry, around which the forward part of a vehicle tends to roll.
Glossary “front seating” Definition:
Closing off the line, leaving the air-conditioner compressor open to the service port fitting, allowing service to the compressor without purging the entire system.
Glossary “front section” Definition:
Also called nose section, it includes everything between the front bumper and the cowl.
Glossary “front steer” Definition:
Steering gear mounted ahead of the front wheel centerline.
Glossary “front suspension” Definition:
Support the weight of the front of the vehicle.
Glossary “front of dash components” Definition:
Heating and air-conditioning components that are mounted on the cowl side in the engine compartment.
Glossary “front pump” Definition:
A pump, located at the front of the A/T, driven by the engine through two dogs on the torque-converter housing, to supply fluid pressure whenever the engine is running.
Glossary “front fender aprons” Definition:
The inner panels that surround the wheels and tires to keep out road debris.
Glossary “front fenders” Definition:
Parts that extend from the front door to the front bumper. They cover the front suspension and inner aprons.
Glossary “front idler” Definition:
Pulley used as a means of tightening or maintaining the proper alignment and tension of the drive belt.
Glossary “front end drive” Definition:
Vehicle having its drive wheels located on the front axle.
Glossary “front end geometry” Definition:
The angular relationships involving the front suspension, steering system, and tires.
Glossary “front end rack” Definition:
Used to measure and adjust the steering and suspension of a vehicle after repairs.. Also known as an alignment rack.
Glossary “front engined” Definition:
Vehicle with the engine in front, ahead of the passenger compartment.
Glossary “front body structural components” Definition:
In a perimeter frame design, the front body section is made up of the radiator support, front fender, and front fender apron. These are installed with bolts and form an easily disassembled structure.
Glossary “front clip” Definition:
Complete replacement of the front bodywork back to the cowl or A-pillar.
Glossary “front control arm” Definition:
Horizontal arms that connect the front wheels to the car and that support the weight of the front of the vehicle.