Glossary “cylinder scavenging” Definition:
The process by which spent exhaust gases are removed from the cylinder prior to the arrival of fresh air and fuel. The momentum generated as the exhaust gases exit the combustion chamber are used to help draw the A/F mixture into the cylinder for only a few degrees of cankshaft rotation. This is important because left over exhaust in the combustion chamber can rob the engine of power.
Glossary “cylinder sleeve” Definition:
Round, replaceable, cylindrical tube that fits into the cylinder bore.
Glossary “cylinder leakage testing” Definition:
Using compressed air applied to the cylinder through the spark plug hole while the piston is at TDC of the compression stroke. This test detects the percentage of leakage and helps to location the possible source of the leak.
Glossary “cylinder liner” Definition:
A replaceable cylinder wall. Can be either a “wet” or “dry” type.
Glossary “cylinder numbering” Definition:
The order in which the cylinders are numbered; cylinder one may be on either front side of a V engine, or starting with one at the front of most in-line engines.
Glossary “Cylinder Power Balance Testing” Definition:
Test to determine if each cylinder is contributing the same amount of power to the turning of the crankshaft while measuring engine RPM or exhaust HC.
Glossary “cylinder head gasket” Definition:
Gasket (usually) metal and other materials that is used to seal the mating surfaces between the engine block and the cylinder head. It must be able seal the combustion chamber, allow coolant and oil to pass through enroute to other engine components.
Glossary “cylinder hone” Definition:
A tool that uses abrasives to smooth out and bring to exact measurement such things as engine cylinders or brake wheel cylinders.
Glossary “cylinder identification (CID)” Definition:
Determination of which cylinder in sequence requiresfuel and/or ignition based on crankshaft and camshaft position information.
Glossary “cylinder identification sensor” Definition:
Sensor that generates a signal to identify a specific point in the travel of a particular piston or pair of pistons. Referred to as CID.
Glossary “cylinder bore dial gauge” Definition:
Used to rapidly and accurately determine cylinder bore out-of-round and taper. It is read in the same manner as a dial indicator is read.
Glossary “cylinder combustion pressure” Definition:
Pressure in the cylinder, created from expanding gases immediately after the air/fuel mixture is ignited; about four times greater than compression pressure.
Glossary “cylinder compression pressure” Definition:
Pressure that is developed in the cylinder during the compression stroke.
Glossary “cylinder deglazing” Definition:
Process of removing the glaze from cylinder walls after extended use.
Glossary “cylinder glaze” Definition:
Area where the rings ride in the cylinder develops a glazed appearance.
Glossary “cylinder head” Definition:
Part of the engine that covers the cylinders and pistons, attached to the block or cylinder liner.
Glossary “cylinder bank” Definition:
Row of cylinders.
Glossary “cylinder block” Definition:
Fundamental framework of an engine to which all other parts and assemblies are installed or attached.
Glossary “cylinder bore” Definition:
Diameter of a cylinder.
Glossary “cyl” Definition:
Acronym form of Cylinder